Acnes are skin problem characterized by the appearance of spots on several parts of the body, such as the face, neck, back, and chest. These spots can range from mild ones, such as blackheads, to severe spots containing pus and cysts. Usually, spots that are considered severe will leave scars.
In addition to being characterized by symptoms such as oily skin and the appearance of spots, sometimes acne also cause the skin to feel hot and sore if touch. There are some parts of the body that are usually overgrown with acne and the most common are the face. Acnes are a common condition, meaning that most people have experienced it.
Most cases of acne occur in person under the age of 28 years. Especially for teenagers, they are very susceptible to acne at the age of 14-19 years. Although acne can disappear by itself with age, in some cases, there are still acne problems in the mid-20s. Women in their 20s are five times more likely to experience it than men in their 20s.
Factors Causing Acnes
Acne can appear at any age, but changes in hormone levels during puberty are often associated with the causes. These hormonal changes affect the oil-producing glands or sebum that is located close to the hair follicles in the skin.
Increased activity of this gland causes the production of sebum in the face also increases. This pile of sebum will mix with the dirt and dead skin cells, then clog the pores. When pores clogged and with an abundance of sebum on the surface of the skin, a bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes develops rapidly. This bacterium is a cause of acne bacteria. Propionibacterium acnes releases a kind of irritant substance that will irritate the skin. This irritation causes skin reddening and swollen, and also the emergence of pus behind the skin.
The inner layer of the hair follicle also thickens due to changes in hormone levels and causes clogged skin pores. Blockage of these pores will not disappear, even if the skin has been cleaned. In addition to puberty, acne can also be experienced by women due to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle and during pregnancy. Acne is also known to be hereditary. Most likely someone will have acne if both parents had broken out as well.
Doctors are usually able to diagnose acne just by looking at the skin of the patient directly. Through examination, the doctor can determine the type of acne that grows and measure the severity (inflammation and the amount). After the diagnosis is done, then the handling plan can be made.
The Right Action to Do
It is important to maintain skin hygiene in acne areas, although it will not prevent the appearance of new acne. Wash the area twice a day using a cleanser or face soap. In order not to get irritated, do not rub the skin too hard.
These days, most of the moisturizer products have been through the testing phase so as not to cause blackheads or acne. Use a moisturizer if your skin is dry and avoid wearing beauty products that can clog the skin pores.
Acne can be controlled through treatment. Gel-formed drugs, moisturizers, and creams are now widely available in pharmacies. If you have acne, it is good to consult a doctor, especially if the use of over-the-counter medicines does not work out or even cause side effects such as:
Swelling of the face, eyes, lips, or tongue.
A sore throat and shortness of breath.
Generally, doctors recommend the use of products containing low benzoyl peroxide concentrates. But be careful in using it because, in the industrial field, the concentrate is also used as a bleach for clothing.
You may need stronger antibiotics or creams if your acne is severe and occurs in a number of body parts, such as the chest and back. Remember that the use of these drugs should still be prescribed by a doctor.
Ask your doctor if acne growth worsens. If severe acnes are not treated immediately, they could cause scarring. Acne treatment requires patience. It is not advisable to squeeze pimples as they will leave marks. Usually, treatment will show optimal results in three months.