What is acne

Definition of Acne

What is Acne? Acne is a condition that occurs in the skin characterized by an inflamed red lump and scaly skin on the surface. The condition can be mild, moderate or severe. Light acne can be described as a few small nodules and red bumps, while moderate and severe acne covers the wider part of the face, neck, back and chest.

This condition generally occurs in adolescence when the hormone is very active causes a lot of oil on the face. However, after ten years, the appearance of acne should decrease drastically. Unfortunately, the decrease in the appearance of acne is not always applicable for many people because this infection can be carried into adulthood.

Cause of Acne

Acne grows when hair follicles are blocked by oil, dead skin cells and also dirt. When this blocked hair follicle is infected by bacteria, the part will begin to swell and become red. If the skin then becomes damaged, a scar will form. Other factors that aggravate this condition are hormones, diet, certain medications, and stress.

Symptoms of Acne

The symptoms of acne vary depending on the severity and include symptoms such as:

  • Clogged and closed pores
  • Black spot
  • Small soft red lumps
  • Pimple
  • Lumps of pus or natural wounds

Types of acne treatments

The ideal method for treating acne depends on how severe it is. Mild acne cases can be treated by washing the affected part of acne with warm water and mild soap on a regular basis. Creams such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid may also be helpful. Meanwhile, patients may also choose to use other forms of alternative acne treatments such as:

  • Azelaic Acid from whole grain seeds
  • Hydroxy alpha acid from orange fruit
  • Tea tree oil
  • Green tea extract
  • Brewers’ yeast
  • Aloe Vera

In some cases, birth control pills can also be used to treat acne. However, it is important to know that each person has different reactions to these pills. Some people experience side effects such as high blood pressure, blood clot, and menstrual cycle changes. If mild acne continues even if the above treatment has been done, then consult a dermatologist who may prescribe a stronger cream or even an antibiotic to deal with the condition.

It is important, if you have moderate to severe acne cases, to consult a dermatologist before trying different methods of treatment. Severe acne conditions usually cause nodules and cysts, so the dermatologist should remove the pus and apply an antibiotic cream. In addition, patients will also need antibiotics taken orally to control infection.

Handling acne scars

Acne can have psychological effects during and after the occurrence of acne due to scars that would normally left. For some people, this scar will disappear over time, but for others, acne can bring destructive effects.

Fortunately, the scars can be removed with laser treatment. In this method, the laser is used to remove the injured skin, layer by layer. New skin will usually grow to replace damaged parts.  Laser treatment is a painful procedure, so patients are usually given sedatives. The healing period will depend on the area and the extent of the treatment. Full face care will require a longer treatment period.

Dermabrasion has the same concept as laser treatment, but unlike the use of lasers, a wire brush or diamond wheel is used in the dermabrasion method to remove the wound layer from the skin tissue. It takes eight days for new skin to grow and twelve weeks until skin colour returns to normal.

Psychological support

Acne can provide psychological effects, especially in adolescents. Some teenagers can pass that period relatively without psychological influence, while others need support. If a teenager’s daily activities are drastically affected by acne, it would be best for him/her to have support that should always be present from family members.

This review hopefully can give an answer of the question “what is acne?” that mostly young adolescent will have.


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