Parent will feel anxious when seeing the appearance of acne on their baby. Neonatorum acne or what we often call infant acne is a condition of acne on the baby’s skin. This condition is usually experienced by about 20% of newborns. This acne usually appears within 2-4 weeks after birth. Infant acne usually grows around the face, neck, back of the body, and even sometimes on the baby’s arm.
The following symptoms of acne emergence in the baby include:
- Acne will turn into a rash that is small shaped and reddish.
- Sometimes acne appears in the form of whiteheads.
- When the baby feels very hot and is in a state of anger this acne will appear.
There are times when this acne is not visible at all. By itself, the acne on the baby’s face will disappear within 4 months and do not leave scars or scarring. Infant acne can last for 3 years, but this case is very rare. In most cases, the baby’s acne will disappear for at least 12 months.
Infant Acne Causes
The cause of this infant acne is the change of hormones in the baby’s body that affect the working oil glands in the baby’s skin. During the final stages of pregnancy, through the placenta, the mother’s hormone can enter the baby’s body. The main cause of acne in babies is the adrenal androgen hormones before birth that transferred through the placenta. Apart from passing through the placenta, the hormones present in the mother can also be transferred through the mother’s milk into the baby’s body during breastfeeding.
Hormones introduced in the baby’s body will affect the hormonal changes in the baby’s body so that it stimulates the baby’s oil glands and ultimately makes acne grow on infants. In addition to hormonal factors, which can trigger the growth of acne in infants, are drugs consumed by the mother or the baby itself. Examples of such drugs are oral or topical steroids, anti-depressant, and also contraceptive drugs.
Infant Acne Tips
Parents often feel worried when acne appears on their baby when actually, the acne will eventually disappear naturally. Infant acne is a natural condition, it is not requiring special treatment like acne treatment in adolescents or adults. Basically, infant acne does not have to be treated, it only needs time until the acne is gone by itself.
In a rare case, where there are noticeable signs of an unusual condition of the acne, then you should consult a paediatrician. The doctor will give the best and most appropriate treatment for the baby. In addition, the things that you can do for the baby are:
- Always keep the baby’s hygiene.
- Always keep the baby’s skin dry.
- Always take care the baby’s skin not to be irritated.
Bath the baby at least once a day by using a clean and safe baby cleanser. Make sure the water used is also clean. Reduce the use of oils, lotions and baby cream, because it can make the baby’s skin condition worse. And the most important thing to note, do not ever touch or squeeze infant acne on your baby.